Global Villages – What are These?

What are these?

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This village originally populated by wanderers from the North about 12,000 years ago. Unique cultures developed across the continent, isolated until the 15th century. Five thousand year-old pyramids at Caral, Peru and ancient Olmec Colossal Heads in Meso America make this village distinctive, but cultural footprints of Portugal and Spain are prominent. Various populations migrated to this village from West Asia. Cultures have intermixed here and then spread throughout the world. A very large global village with countries in Africa and throughout the Middle East. Predominantly Muslim. The most documented of the global villages, with immense cultural heritage, which has spread across the world. Artifacts date to 32,000 years ago in this village; but cultural origins are debated. Early peoples made bronze weapons, arrowheads, daggers, and made gold into money. Designated as Indic, (India) rather than Asian, this village has complex cultural roots entwined with colonialism, forced acculturation and dense population. Today's Sino- Japanese village shares Chinese and Japanese cultures. Ethnic groups are related to indigenous groups of Mongolia, Central Asia, and Siberia. Multiple migrations of peoples make up this global village. Myannmar is believed to be settled about 11,000 years ago and is often referred to as the gateway to Southeast Asia. Origins not European, and populations today live in two independent countries. Indigenous Maori of New Zealand, and Aborigines of Australia strive to restore languages and cultures. Oceania is a disconnected village with many islands and a variety of cultures. New Guineans in this vast ocean area may have been the first islanders to live as tribal farmers; and their descendants continue many of the same cultural patterns. Oceania is a disconnected village with many islands and a variety of cultures. New Guineans in this vast ocean area may have been the first islanders to live as tribal farmers; and their descendants continue many of the same cultural patterns.

Global Villages – What are These?

Global Villages – What Are These?  informs students that the world’s land masses are divided into eleven (11) separate and dominant culture regions.  This website refers to each of these Eleven Regions as Global Villages, because the globalized world we now live in is both connected and interdependent, just as neighboring villages have always been.  Read the Eleven Reasons for Eleven Regions before continuing this introduction.

Dividing the world into regions is nothing new.  In fact Cicero, the famed Roman political philosopher,  in the first century BC, described the world as having five zones: two frigid zones in the north and south; two temperate, (or habitable) zones in the center; and a torrid zone wrapped around the earth’s equatorial regions. (Lester 2009)  Cicero’s description is found in his The Dream of Scipio.  Later on before the great explorations of the 15th century, the map of the world contained only three regions: Asia, Africa, and Europe.  The three regions were said to be separated by the Mediterranean Sea, the Don, and the great Nile river.

We might say that in the 12th century the world had only three Global Villages because the fourth continent of the Americas was unknown. A non-fiction book, written by Toby Lester in 2009 details how The Fourth Part of the World came to be. Old world maps illustrating some of the ways the earth was imagined and described in Lester’s book are shown here.

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14th Century Map from writings of
Marcus Annaeus Lucanus

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      In reality, there are hundreds of culture regions across the globe, perhaps thousands.  However, due to  tribal conflicts, colonialism, wars, ethnic cleansing, regional disasters, and mass immigrations over time, nearly every region’s Global Village has changed in cultural make up from its humble beginnings.

Each Global Village is occupied by a variety of cultures, ethnic groups, and peoples; and diversity and cultural pluralism is the new normal for most of them.  This new normal is due primarily to mass communication technologies, and the ease of traveling by air.

The Global Villages courses are overviews and summaries.  They are not complete in either historical or cultural information; but are compiled to give the interested learner a broad and easily comprehended overview of how and where each Global Village had its beginnings, and where each one fits into the world’s cultural puzzle of today.  The Global Villages courses study each region separately, beginning with the first cultural settlements to the present day.

I invite you into the classroom to learn more about each of the dominant culture regions that make up the Global Villages.

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