gender is culturally constructed; the word may have various meanings in various cultures; generally it is the state of being male or female (biologically), but is more often used with reference to social and cultural differences, which may or may not be biological

gender is used in various languages such as Spanish, where nouns are preceded with an article such as la (feminine) or lo (masculine) – many languages have “gendered” speech, including Latin, Greek, Russian, and German, but grammatical gender is very loosely associated with natural distinctions of sex

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